A Brief History Of The Traveling Funfair

Fairs in this country have a long and ancient history, deeply rooted in tradition.

The word fair is derived from the Latin 'feria', meaning a holiday and at one time the Romans were credited with the introduction of fairs.

It is now generally accepted that their origins are from pagan customs of the people who first settled this land; their seasonal gatherings held for the purposes of both trade and festivity, contained within them the essential elements of the fair.

The Romans did much to promote fairs by improving trade and communications throughout the country.

During the centuries following the departure of the Romans, many fairs and other festivals were incorporated into the calendar of the growing Christian Church. Charters granted by the sovereign gain the fair legal status and an increasing importance in the economic life of the nation.

Merchants and traders from Europe, the Middle East and beyond were drawn to the great chartered fairs of the Middle Ages bringing with them a wealth of goods.

The sheer number of these fairs, no fewer than 4860 were chartered between the years 1200 and 1400, drew not only merchant but entertainers as well: jugglers, musicians and tumblers – the ancestors of today's showmen.

The Black Death of 1348-49 thought about a new kind of fair. In order to stem the rise in wages caused by the shortage of workers, Edward III introduced the Statue of Labourers. This compelled all able bodied men to present themselly for hire at a stipulated wage. These gathering or burning fairs were held mainly around Michealmas, the end of the agricultural year.

By the early eighth century the trading aspects of the charter fairs had waned and most fairs consistently almost entirely of amusements, acrobats, illusionists and theatrical companies all plied their trade on fairgrounds.

Around this time the first fairground rides begin to appear, small crudely constructed out of wood and propelled by gangs of boys.

In 1868, Frederick Savage, a successful agricultural engineer from Kings Lynn, devised a method of driving rides by steam. His invention, a steam engine mounted in the center of the ride was to transform the fairground industry. Freed from the limitations of muscle power, rides could have made larger, more massive and more heavily ornamented. The showman's demand for novelty was matched by the ingenuity of Savage and other engineers.

In the wake of the steam revolution an amazing variety of new designs and rides appeared. These rides were the forerunners of today's amazing thrill rides, over time innovations such as electric lighting, electric motors, hydraulics etc. allowed rides to evolve into the amazing devices that are seen today at any local fairground.

Buying Shoes Online – Help and Advice For When Purchasing Shoes Online

A few years ago, if you were looking to purchase a new pair of shoes, you went off to a department or shoe store; Looked around, tried a few pairs on and took your purchase home that day. These days, more and more people are deciding not to go into town, and buying their shoes online. Now, I believe this is partly because we've become more busy, but mostly because we now have access to brands, designers, styles and sizes that are not available to purchase in our local shoe stores. If you feel the need for a women's size 14, extra-narrow (or wide), red pump with a 3 inch high heel, chances are, you'll find it at one of many online shoe stores.

However, not all online shoe stores are the same. So i have put together some advice, and things to look out for when buying shoes online.

1) Post and packaging Charges: The Added Cost when Buying Shoes Online.

Always find out what the P & P charges are before spending lots of time adding items to cart or shopping bag. You may think you're getting a bargain on all those shoes, but if P & P cost is too high, you may end up paying more than anticipated. Especially when ordering from a country other than the one you live in. Lots of online shoe shops offer free P & P, which is great! But do some price comparisons before you purchase. Sometimes, you'll get a better deal at an online shoe shop that charges a reasonable price for P & P, and still save EKK.

2) Returns / Exchanges – Know the Policies in Advance.

Another major factor in buying shoes online, is being able to return or exchange them if there's something wrong with them, they do not fit, or just are not the way you thought they would be. Most online shoe stores will have a returns policy, but DO NOT take it for granted. Make sure before putting in those card details, that you'll be able to return the unused shoes for any reason.

Ok, if you're taking a chance on a heavily discounted pair of shoes, then you may decide to buy without a return policy. But you still need to know what your rights for that sale are before buying.

Also, find out in advance if you'll have to pay the return postal fees, if you do decide to send the shoes back.

3) Want your Shoes quick? Check delivery Times. If its an absolute must that you have a certain pair of shoes by "xx" date, I strictly advise buying them in person at an actual shoe shop. Or ordering them well in advance, and that there are other options available if your shoes do not arrive in time.

I AM NOT saying that online shoes do not post out in a timely fashion! In fact, I have purchased many pairs of shoes online, and they have all arrived in record time, but why take any chances?

Again, find out the delivery policy of the online shoe shop you're buying from, and make sure the shoes are buying are actually in stock! If they are backordered, this could add weeks till you get them.

~ Summery ~ As long as you buy from reputable online shoe stores and pay extra attention to the info above, buying online is an excellent way to save time and money; and to give yourself the biggest choice when buying shoes online.

What Is Alternative, Compartmental, Unconventional, Traditional Medicine?

The third millennium begins with a new scenario in the Health sector. In our country, non-conventional medicine is now part of services that local hospitals give.

Professional associations are preparing a series of evaluation criteria for medical experts in natural medicine.

University has begun to turn its attention to this phenomenon, to understand, analyze it and drive it.

The use of unconventional medicine is specifically used for treatment of chronic and degenerative diseases and cancer patients are a significant part of those who come precisely to these treatments.

I hope, with this article, fruit of long research in these fields, first to help the patient and his family understand more clearly, to choose and encourage reflection and communication between doctor and patient, when the latter decides to undergo an integrated treatment. It can also be useful to fully exploit the benefits of complementary medicine, and the time avoid the same risks especially those still without scientific validation.

This information is useful also to your relative or anyone you know, that is facing the disease. Sharing good and positive information is always powerful. Other people may say that knowledge is power, so encourage yourself and those around you. A kind and positive word supported also by the scientific community can always help and give hope.

What is alternative medicine? Complementary? Unconventional? Traditional?

For clarity purposes I will do my best to give the simplest explanations:

Alternative medicine : is a term used mainly in the past, and to show how certain practices based on principles different from those of scientific medicine.

complementary medicine : The term basically means therapies associated with other measures deemed important, such as chemotherapy or surgery. It makes sense to use it such as oncology, where, such as herbals or 'acupuncture may rationally combine chemotherapy, radiation, etc …

unconventional medicine : A term used primarily in politics health care to define all those disciplines that are still waiting for a definitive legal regulation. In this category of Orders doctors include acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal medicine, the 'anthrophosphy,' Ayurveda, the 'homotoxicology, traditional Chinese medicine,' osteopathy and chiropractic.

Traditional medicine : This terminology used instead by the World Health Organization to define the set of knowledge and practices based on popular beliefs and experiences relating to different cultures, regardless of the explanatory scientific.

natural medicine : is a popular term used that reflects the public and in particular patients with various disciplines of medicine

integrated medicine : This term indicates what should be the goal of every doctor: different forms and tools therapy integrated to improve the patient's quality of life as well as prognosis.

The Best Countries to Work In Around the Globe

There are many countries that a person can work in if he or she wants to go somewhere other than his or her home country. The most popular countries in which to be an expatriate and work are the United States, France, and Switzerland. They all have much to offer for locals, for tourists, and for people who are only there for a while due to work commitments, and they are all great countries. Many people like to go to the United States because it's such a large and diverse country both in its people and in its geography.

There are deserts, mountains, forests, and large bodies of water, making it a beautiful place to enjoy. There is also a good minimum wage, many great companies, and a lot of places where the cost of living is relatively low. If you can find a company that will hire you to work in the United States and will help get you moved and settled, you should be able to have a great time as an expat in that country. The United States might not be for you, though, or you might not find a company that you really want to work for there. If that's the case, you should consider heading to France or Switzerland.

Many people think of the French people as being aloof, but most are actually warm and friendly with a good work ethic and a willingness to help others. You can learn a lot from them, and many fine companies have their homes there, or at least have branches there where you can work. That's a great choice for people from the UK who do not want to go really far from home. Another great choice for international jobs is Switzerland. It has a very strong economy and its treatment of workers overall is impressive.

It's also home to breathtaking scenery, so when you're not working you'll be able to take a look at the country that you're temporarily calling home and see what there is to see. All three of these countries have a lot to enjoy and there is so much to do in all of them that you'll never be bored. They also have great companies that you can work for, so you can make a decent living while exploring someplace new and learning about a new culture. It's like a great job and a holiday all at the same time, and you'll be richer for the experience.